Mexican Migration Facts

William Shakespeare

Emmigration

Mexican Migration Facts
This article contains Mexican Migration Facts taken from a variety of sources including U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. the Office of Immigration Statistics, the Department of Homeland Security and the Pew Hispanic Center project report.

The Mexican Migration Facts include useful information and statistics about the U.S. laws relating to Mexican migration and general info about the subject.

Mexican Migration Facts
The history of Mexican Migration is so vast that it has been detailed in a separate article as have the reasons for Mexican Migration that have been explained in the article on the Push and Pull factors of Mexican Migration based on the work of and immigration theory developed by Everett S. Lee (1917-2007).

Mexican Migration Facts for kids: Brief Facts for kids about Mexican Migration via the Fact Sheet
Interesting description and brief facts about the Mexican Migration are detailed in the following Fact Sheet. The Mexican Migration Facts are presented in a factual sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the interesting  information about Mexican Migration to the United States of America.

Mexican Migration Facts for Kids

Mexican Migration Fact 1: Geography: Mexico-United States border spans four US states & six Mexican states:

  • The length of the border is 1,954 miles (3,145 km)
  • The names of the U.S. states along the border are California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas
  • The names of Mexican states along the border are Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas
  • There are 31 states in Mexico, plus the Federal District

Mexican Migration Fact 2: Mexico-United States border crossings: There are currently 45 U.S.-Mexico border crossings with 330 ports of entry.

Mexican Migration Fact 3: El Paso, Texas is often described as the "Mexican Ellis Island"  in terms of Mexican Migration.

Mexican Migration Fact 4: There are many reasons that people want to move from their homes and are often categorized as economic, social, political and environmental causes. Facts about this are described in Push and Pull factors of Mexican Migration

Mexican Migration Fact 5: The Mexican population in America has increased by 50% in each decade since 1970 , with unauthorized migrants accounting for a majority of the growth, followed by legal, family based immigration.

Mexican Migration Fact 6: American political policies and US Immigration Laws have had a huge influence on the number of migrants a country receives. Temporary Mexican migration was welcomed during WW1 and WW2 when many of Americans were drafted into the military

Mexican Migration Fact 7: The Bracero Program (1943 - 1965) encouraged Mexicans to work in America and brought 5,000,000 temporary laborers from Mexico to Work on US railroads and farms. For additional facts refer to Mexican Migration History

Mexican Migration Fact 8: The Emergency Quota Act (or percentage laws) were passed in 1921. Laws relating to ethnic quotas with per-country limits were replaced during the civil rights movement of the 1960s

Mexican Migration Fact 9: The Immigration Act of 1924 established the Border Patrol to combat smuggling and illegal immigration and Border stations to formally admit Mexican workers.

Mexican Migration Fact 10: The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act, aka the Hart-Cellar Act, set a maximum annual level of immigration at 300,000 visas

Mexican Migration Fact 11: The 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act granted Legal Status to qualifying Immigrants who had entered the United States illegally before January 1, 1982

Mexican Migration Fact 12: In 2006 the Clinton administration saw the passing of the Secure Fence Act authorizing fencing along the US-Mexican Border and sanctioned the use of surveillance technology.

Mexican Migration Fact 13: The leading countries of origin of immigrants to the United States are Mexico, India, China, and the Philippines

Mexican Migration Fact 14: Between 1991 to 2000 the United States admitted 10-11 million legal migrants. The largest number of Americans residing outside of the United States live in Mexico.

Mexican Migration Fact 15: According to the U.S. Census Bureau the total population of the United States is over 271 million people. Over 40 million people in America are foreign born.

Mexican Migration Fact 16: By far the largest number (over 11 million) were originally born in Mexico followed by India, China, the Philippines and Vietnam

Mexican Migration Fact 17: 30% of all current U.S. immigrants were born in Mexico

Mexican Migration Fact 18: The Mexican foreign-born population in the United States increased significantly over the following years

  • 4,298,014 in 1990
  • 9,177,487 in 2000
  • 11,711,103 in 2010

This trend has now completely reversed and migratory patterns from Mexico to the United States have changed.

Mexican Migration Fact 19: Since 2010, U.S. legislation on illegal immigration has been reinforced. Several American states have criminalized illegal immigration. Deportations under the Obama administration have reached record numbers

Mexican Migration Fact 20: The Pew Hispanic Center project has produced a report providing a new analysis of government data and census results from Mexico and America

Mexican Migration Fact 21: The Pew Hispanic Center project report:

  • Analyzes statistics on migration
  • Examine characteristics, experiences and future intentions of Mexican migrants
  • Documents trends in border enforcement statistics
  • Reports on changing conditions in Mexico that might affect migration trends
  • Details characteristics of Mexican-born immigrants in the U.S.

Mexican Migration Fact 22: It is the same as immigration but from the perspective of the country of origin.

Mexican Migration Fact 23: Many Mexicans fall into the 'Unauthorized aliens' category. The sheer length and openness of the US-Mexican border has led to immigration taking place outside of legal channels. According to the Pew project report 51% (6.1 million) of all current Mexican immigrants are unauthorized.

Mexican Migration Fact 24: Undocumented, illegal immigrants from Mexico tend to live on the margins of society and are vulnerable to exploitation by the people who smuggle them across the US-Mexican border and from unscrupulous employers who employ illegal immigrants.

Mexican Migration Fact 25: The lack of legal documentation makes it virtually impossible to ascertain the exact number of illegal immigrants from Mexico

Mexican Migration Fact 26: Mexico-United States border crossings: There are currently 45 U.S.-Mexico border crossings with 330 ports of entry.

Mexican Migration Fact 27: The people who move from Mexico to the United States predominantly come from the following states: Chiapas, Zacatecas, Oaxaca, Guanajuato, Michoacan, Guerrero, San Luis PotosŪ and Hidalgo

Mexican Migration Fact 28: Most of the migrants to Mexico are male who send money (dollars) to their families in Mexico. The money sent by workers in the U.S. to their country, is called the Spanish "remesas"

Mexican Migration Fact 29: Temporary Legal Admissions: Foreign nationals who are admitted to the United States for a temporary period of time, and for an expressed reason, are known as non-immigrants

Mexican Migration Fact 30: Temporary Legal Admissions: A citizen of Mexico who wants to enter the United States must first obtain a U.S. visa, which is placed in the travelerís passport.

Mexican Migration Fact 31: Temporary Legal Admissions: U.S. Visa

  • Having a visa does not guarantee entry to the United States

  • A U.S. visa allows travel to a land border crossing, and request permission of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Customs and Border Protection (CBP) inspector to enter the United States

  • Citizens and permanent residents of Mexico generally must have a non-immigrant visa or Border Crossing Card (also known as a "Laser Visa").

Mexican Migration Fact 32: Lawful permanent residents (LPR's): An LPR is any person not a citizen of the United States but is legally recognized and lawfully recorded as a permanent residence as an immigrant and also known as a "Resident Alien Permit Holder" or "Green Card Holder."

Mexican Migration Fact 33: Green Card Holder: The process to become a Green Card holder (permanent resident) varies by category and depends on whether a person currently lives inside or outside of the United States. The main categories for obtaining a Green Card are:

  • Green Card Through Family

  • Green Card Through a Job

  • Green Card Through Refugee or Asylum Status

Although a Green Card is usually obtained through a family memberís sponsorship or a job offer there are many other ways a Green Card may be obtained.

Mexican Migration Fact 34: Over 90% of Mexican immigrants receiving lawful permanent residence were admitted as family-based immigrants

Mexican Migration Fact 35: About 70% of the migrants born in Mexico reside in four states in America:

  • California had the largest number of foreign-born residents from Mexico

  • Texas

  • Illinois

  • Arizona

Cities with the greatest number of migrants from Mexico are greater Los Angeles, Chicago, and Dallas.

Mexican Migration Fact 36: According to the 2011 American Community Survey (ACS) census about 24% of Mexican immigrants were naturalized U.S. citizens

Mexican Migration Fact 37: The culture and traditions of Mexico that have have been introduced to America, including Mexican themed food, have helped to improve the acceptance of migrants.

Mexican Migration Fact 38: Sources for the above facts and information about Mexican Migration include the U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics and the Pew Hispanic Center project report

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