The flow of Mexican Migration at this
time was limited and mainly short-term. Mexicans were then
exempted from many immigration restrictions during the labor
shortage caused by WW1. After WW1 laws were introduced authorizing
"Mounted Inspectors" along the US-Mexico Border. The 1943 Bracero Program brought temporary Mexican laborers to Work
to help the economy during and after WW2. 1965 saw the end of
the Bracero Program and led to an influx of illegal Mexican
immigrants. The geography and history have made Mexican
Migration flow to the U.S. the largest in the world.
Migration History for kids: Brief Facts for kids via the Fact
Interesting description and brief facts about Mexican Migration
History are detailed in the following Fact Sheet. The Mexican
Migration History is presented in a factual timeline sequence
consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method
of relating the interesting history and information about
Migration from Mexico to the United States.
Mexican Migration History
Fact Sheet for Kids
Mexican Migration History Fact 1: The
first inhabitants of the U.S.-Mexico border region were Native American
Mexican Migration History Fact 2: The Spanish conquistador Hernando
Cortes conquered Mexico 1519-1521
Mexican Migration History Fact 3: Spain established a colonial
government in 1535
Mexican Migration History Fact 4: The 1819 Adams Onis Treaty gave
Florida to the U.S. and set out a boundary between the United States and
New Spain (now Mexico).
Mexican Migration History Fact 5: In 1821 Mexicans won their
independence from Spain and founded the Mexican Republic.
Mexican Migration History Fact 6: The Mexican-American War (1846-1848)
erupted over unresolved border disputes.
Mexican Migration History Fact 7: On February 2, 1848 Mexico was forced
to sell New Mexico and Alta California and to the US for $15 million
under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Mexican Migration History Fact 8: The California Gold Rush beganon
January 24, 1848. The discovery of the gold in California was therefore
made before Mexico formally ceded territories to the United States under
the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Mexican Migration History Fact 9: During the California Gold Rush, over
25,000 Mexicans made their way to California.
Mexican Migration History Fact 10: In 1910 the Mexican Revolution begins
and thousands of Mexicans flee across the border for safety
Mexican Migration History Fact 11: World War 1 (1914 - 1918) erupted
creating a labor shortage in the U.S. Mexicans were encouraged to work
in the United States
Mexican Migration History Fact 12: In 1915 US Congress Authorized
"Mounted Inspectors" along the US-Mexico Border
Mexican Migration History Fact 13: Mexican immigration to America
continued to grow until 1929 when the Great Depression reversed the flow
of immigration from Mexico. Many Mexicans were deported.
Mexican Migration History Fact 14: According to the U.S. census between
1910 and 1930, the number of immigrants from Mexico tripled from 200,000
Mexican Migration History Fact 15: The 1921 Emergency Quota Act
established limits and restricted the number of immigrants from a given
Mexican Migration History Fact 16: In the Immigration Act of 1924 the
Border Patrol was established to combat smuggling and illegal
immigration. Border stations were also established to formally admit
workers from Mexico.
Mexican Migration History Fact 17: World War 2 (1939-1945) created
another labor shortage in the U.S. as many of Americans were drafted
into the military. The Bracero Program (1943 - 1965) encouraged Mexicans
to work in America and Mexican immigration to the United States begin to
Mexican Migration History Fact 18: The Bracero Program brought 5,000,000
temporary Mexican Laborers to Work in US farms and railroads in a
22-Year period to help the economy during, and after, World War 2.
Mexican Migration History Fact 19: In 1949 the Border Patrol seized
nearly 280,000 illegal immigrants.
Mexican Migration History Fact 20: The Korean War (1950-1953) saw a
resurgence of the Bracero Program
Mexican Migration History Fact 21: By 1953, the number of illegal
Mexican immigrants seized by the Border Patrol had grown to more than
865,000 which led to Operation Wetback.
Mexican Migration History Fact 22: In 1954 Operation Wetback was
implemented. It was a system of cooperation between the U.S. Border
Patrol and the Mexican government to control illegal immigration
Mexican Migration History Fact 23: Operation Wetback: The U.S.
Immigration Service deported more than 3.8 million people of Mexican
Mexican Migration History Fact 24: In 1964 the first maquiladoras were
established under the Border Industrialization Program. A maquiladora
was a factory along the Mexican border run by a U.S. company in Mexico
to take advantage of cheap labor and lax regulation.
Mexican Migration History Fact 25: In 1965 the Bracero program was
Mexican Migration History Fact 26: In 1986 The Immigration Reform and
Control Act granted Legal Status to qualifying Immigrants who entered
the US illegally before January 1, 1982
Mexican Migration History Fact 27: The Secure Fence Act authorized
fencing along the US-Mexican Border and authorized the use of
Push and Pull Factors of Mexican Immigration to America
For specific examples and a list of political, economic,
environmental and social reasons and push and pull
factors of Mexican immigration to America refer to:
Push and Pull Factors of Mexican Immigration