Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends

William Shakespeare

Emmigration

Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends
Mexican Migration patterns and trends have varied enormously over the years. The changes have been dictated by US Immigration Laws and the labor requirements of the United States.

The labor requirements of the United States have resulted in Mexicans either being encouraged to work in the United States in times of short labor supply or, when the employment situation changed, actively discouraged from working in America.  

An overview of some of the patterns and trends in Mexican Migration are as explained in the following history timeline:

Mexican Migration - Patterns and Trends

1880's: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: Cheap Mexican Labor was required to build the railroads in the south

1900: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: By this period the railroads had been built and the trend was reversed

1914: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: The outbreak of WW1 (1914 - 1918) saw he pattern change again when Americans left the country to fight in the war

1915: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: The war was over, Americans had returned to their homes and Mexican labor was no longer needed in such vast quantities. In the same year US Congress authorized "Mounted Inspectors" along the US-Mexico Border

1929: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: The Great Depression resulted in mass unemployment of Americans and as a result many Mexicans were deported.

1943: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: World War Two (1939-1945) broke out and created another labor shortage when American men were drafted into the military. The Bracero Program (1943 - 1965) encouraged Mexicans to work in the United States and Mexican migration begin to increase again

1948: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: The trend moved down and the border patrol seized a record number of illegal immigrants from Mexico

1950: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: Americans fought in the Korean War (1950-1953) and there was a resurgence of the Bracero Program and the trend went up again

1954: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: Following the Korean War the trend changed again as Operation Wetback came into force. During Operation Wetback the U.S. Immigration Service deported more than 3.8 million people of Mexican heritage.

1964: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: In 1964 the Border Industrialization Program was put into effect and the first maquiladoras were established. A maquiladora was a factory along the Mexican border run by a U.S. company in Mexico to take advantage of cheap labor.

1965: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: The Hart-Celler Act abolished nation-of-origin restrictions. Without quotas there was a long waiting list of Mexicans wanting to immigrate into the United States.

1990 - 2010: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: The Mexican foreign born population in the United States increased significantly from 4.2 million in 1990 to 11.7 million in 2010

2012: Mexican Migration Patterns and Trends: The upward trend totally reversed as U.S. legislation on illegal immigration was reinforced and several American states have criminalized illegal immigration. The number of deportations under the Obama administration have reached record numbers.

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