Mexican Migration History

US Immigration


Definition and Summary of Mexican Migration History
Summary and Definition: Mexican Migration was politically motivated in 1910 by the start of the Mexican Civil War (1910 - 1920) when many people in Mexico wanted to move to America to escape the war.

The flow of Mexican Migration at this time was limited and mainly short-term. Mexicans were then exempted from many immigration restrictions during the labor shortage caused by WW1. After WW1 laws were introduced authorizing "Mounted Inspectors" along the US-Mexico Border. The 1943 Bracero Program brought temporary Mexican laborers to Work to help the economy during and after WW2. 1965 saw the end of the Bracero Program and led to an influx of illegal Mexican immigrants. The geography and history have made Mexican Migration flow to the U.S. the largest in the world.

Mexican Migration History for kids: Brief Facts for kids via the Fact Sheet
Interesting description and brief facts about Mexican Migration History are detailed in the following Fact Sheet. The Mexican Migration History is presented in a factual timeline sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the interesting history and information about Migration from Mexico to the United States.

Mexican Migration History Fact Sheet for Kids

Mexican Migration History Fact 1: The first inhabitants of the U.S.-Mexico border region were Native American Indians

Mexican Migration History Fact 2: The Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes conquered Mexico 1519-1521

Mexican Migration History Fact 3: Spain established a colonial government in 1535

Mexican Migration History Fact 4: The 1819 Adams Onis Treaty gave Florida to the U.S. and set out a boundary between the United States and New Spain (now Mexico).

Mexican Migration History Fact 5: In 1821 Mexicans won their independence from Spain and founded the Mexican Republic.

Mexican Migration History Fact 6: The Mexican-American War (1846-1848) erupted over unresolved border disputes.

Mexican Migration History Fact 7: On February 2, 1848 Mexico was forced to sell New Mexico and Alta California and to the US for $15 million under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Mexican Migration History Fact 8: The California Gold Rush beganon January 24, 1848. The discovery of the gold in California was therefore made before Mexico formally ceded territories to the United States under the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Mexican Migration History Fact 9: During the California Gold Rush, over 25,000 Mexicans made their way to California.

Mexican Migration History Fact 10: In 1910 the Mexican Revolution begins and thousands of Mexicans flee across the border for safety

Mexican Migration History Fact 11: World War 1 (1914 - 1918) erupted creating a labor shortage in the U.S. Mexicans were encouraged to work in the United States

Mexican Migration History Fact 12: In 1915 US Congress Authorized "Mounted Inspectors" along the US-Mexico Border

Mexican Migration History Fact 13: Mexican immigration to America continued to grow until 1929 when the Great Depression reversed the flow of immigration from Mexico. Many Mexicans were deported.

Mexican Migration History Fact 14: According to the U.S. census between 1910 and 1930, the number of immigrants from Mexico tripled from 200,000 to 600,000

Mexican Migration History Fact 15: The 1921 Emergency Quota Act established limits and restricted the number of immigrants from a given country

Mexican Migration History Fact 16: In the Immigration Act of 1924 the Border Patrol was established to combat smuggling and illegal immigration. Border stations were also established to formally admit workers from Mexico.

Mexican Migration History Fact 17: World War 2 (1939-1945) created another labor shortage in the U.S. as many of Americans were drafted into the military. The Bracero Program (1943 - 1965) encouraged Mexicans to work in America and Mexican immigration to the United States begin to increase again

Mexican Migration History Fact 18: The Bracero Program brought 5,000,000 temporary Mexican Laborers to Work in US farms and railroads in a 22-Year period to help the economy during, and after, World War 2.

Mexican Migration History Fact 19: In 1949 the Border Patrol seized nearly 280,000 illegal immigrants.

Mexican Migration History Fact 20: The Korean War (1950-1953) saw a resurgence of the Bracero Program

Mexican Migration History Fact 21: By 1953, the number of illegal Mexican immigrants seized by the Border Patrol had grown to more than 865,000 which led to Operation Wetback.

Mexican Migration History Fact 22: In 1954 Operation Wetback was implemented. It was a system of cooperation between the U.S. Border Patrol and the Mexican government to control illegal immigration

Mexican Migration History Fact 23: Operation Wetback: The U.S. Immigration Service deported more than 3.8 million people of Mexican heritage

Mexican Migration History Fact 24: In 1964 the first maquiladoras were established under the Border Industrialization Program. A maquiladora was a factory along the Mexican border run by a U.S. company in Mexico to take advantage of cheap labor and lax regulation.

Mexican Migration History Fact 25: In 1965 the Bracero program was repealed

Mexican Migration History Fact 26: In 1986 The Immigration Reform and Control Act granted Legal Status to qualifying Immigrants who entered the US illegally before January 1, 1982

Mexican Migration History Fact 27: The Secure Fence Act authorized fencing along the US-Mexican Border and authorized the use of surveillance technology

Push and Pull Factors of Mexican Immigration to America for kids
For specific examples and a list of political, economic, environmental and social reasons and push and pull factors of Mexican immigration to America refer to:

Push and Pull Factors of Mexican Immigration


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